E4

The Exploring the Efficacy of Engineering is Elementary (E4) project is a multiyear efficacy study of the Engineering is Elementary (EiE) curriculum. The E4 project was funded by the National Science Foundation and administered by EiE's research & evaluation team. We will post updates about the results of the study below as they are released.

What are the goals of the study?

The E4 project is aimed at improving our understanding of how elementary students learn about engineering by engaging them in design challenges. It explores the critical components of EiE's curriculum design by comparing student and teacher outcomes from 250 classrooms using either EiE or a comparison engineering curriculum. Results from the study will inform research journal articles, conference presentations, and articles for practitioners. The work by the students, teachers, and researchers involved in the project will impact the field of engineering education and build knowledge for future research and curriculum design. 

What is the research team working on now?

EiE's research team is analyzing data and writing papers to present at conferences in early 2017 and preparing manuscripts for publication. Recent papers and conference presentations are listed below and link to where possible. 

Recent papers and publications

Publications

Cunningham, C. M. & Kelly, G. J. (in review). Epistemic practices of engineering in education. Science Education. Link

Cunningham, C. M. & Kelly, G. J. (in press). Framing engineering practices in elementary school classrooms. International Journal of Engineering Education. Link

Johnson, M. M. (2016). Failure is an Option: Reactions to Failure in Elementary Engineering Design Projects (Ph.D.). The Pennsylvania State University. Link

Kelly, G. J., Cunningham, C. M., & Ricketts, A. (2016) Emergence of an engineering identity in elementary students. Manuscript in preparation.

Lachapelle, C. P., Shams, M. F., Hertel, J. D., & Cunningham, C. M. (2016). Measuring elementary school children’s conceptions of engineers. Manuscript in preparation.

Lachapelle, C. P., Oh, Y., Shams, M. F., Hertel, J. D., & Cunningham, C. M.  (2016). What is Technology? A simple instrument for measuring children’s conceptions. Manuscript in preparation.

Oh, Y., Lachapelle, C. P., Shams, M. F., Hertel, J. D., & Cunningham, C. M. (2016). Evaluating the efficacy of Engineering is Elementary for student learning of engineering and science concepts. Manuscript in preparation.

Conference Presentations

Hertel, J. D., Cunningham, C. M., Kelly, G. J., & Lachapelle, C. L. (2016, June). The roles of engineering notebooks in shaping elementary engineering student discourse and practice. Presented at the American Society of Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, LA.

Lachapelle, C. L. & Cunningham, C. M. (2016, June). Performance assessment in elementary engineering: Evaluating students. Presented at the American Society of Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, LA.

Lottero-Perdue, P. S. & Parry, E. A. (2016, June). Elementary teachers’ reflections on design failures and use of fail words after teaching engineering for two years. Presented at the American Society of Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, LA.

Cunningham, C. M. & Kelly, G. J. (2016, April). Epistemic practices of engineering in education. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Baltimore, MD. Link

Kelly, G. J., Cunningham, C. M., & Ricketts, A. (2016, April) Emergence of an engineering identity in elementary students. Presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C. Link

Lottero-Perdue, P. S. (2016, April). Fifth Graders’ Perceptions about Failure and Mindsets before and after Learning to Engineer. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Baltimore, MD.

Oh, Y., Lachapelle, C. P., Shams, M. F., Hertel, J. D., & Cunningham, C. M. (2016, April). Evaluating the efficacy of Engineering is Elementary for student learning of engineering and science concepts. Presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C. Link

Carlsen, W. S. (2015, April). Epistemic cycles in elementary engineering: Children’s use of outside information during small-group design and redesign. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Chicago, IL. Link

Cunningham, C. M. & Kelly, G. J. (2015, April). Framing engineering practices in elementary school classrooms. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Chicago, IL. Link

Hertel, J. D., Cunningham, C. M., & Kelly, G. J. (2015, April). Engineering practices through notebooking. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Chicago, IL. Link

Johnson, M. (2015, April). Feedback from failure: Teacher discourse moves in reaction to students’ “unsuccessful” elementary engineering design projects. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Chicago, IL. Link

Lachapelle, C. P. (2015, April). What does a performance assessment capture and what does it miss?: Comparison of students’ collaborative engagement in engineering design challenges with their individual performances on a written assessment. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Chicago, IL. Link

Lachapelle, C. P., Oh, Y., Shams, M. F., Hertel, J. D., & Cunningham, C. M. (2015, June). HLM modeling of pre/post-assessment results from a large-scale efficacy study of elementary engineering. Presented at the American Society of Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, WA. Link

Lottero-Perdue, P. S. (2016). Fifth Graders’ Perceptions about Failure and Mindsets before and after Learning to Engineer. Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching Annual International Conference, Baltimore, MD. Link

Lottero-Perdue, P. S. (2015, April). The engineering design process as a safe place to try again: Responses to failure by elementary teachers and students. Presented at the NARST, Chicago, IL. Link

Lottero-Perdue, P. S. & Parry, E. A. (2015, June). Elementary teachers’ reported responses to student design failures. Presented at the American Society of Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, WA. Link